connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.

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The sovereignty rests in the people. It pplitical for the first time the ideas of universal brotherhood and complete equality of men. He does not discuss the scope, jurisdiction, mawardk and obligations of the state, gives no conception of sovereignty and seems to be completely ignorant of the idea of the constitution.

But al-Mawardi is not alone in this respect, for this is the agreed opinion of Sunnite jurists and theologians. Al-Mawardi says that the institution of Imamat is the need of Shariah and poolitical of reason. The precedents are valid because they were set by the first two of the four Khulafa-e-Rashidin, who are universally acclaimed as shining examples of the ideal Muslim ruler. This was a clear departure from the principle of the Caliphate enunciated tgeory al-Mawardi in the earlier part of his book.

It is of various kinds. The Imam is appointed in one of two ways: The Abbasid Caliphs fetched the reign of the Islamic empire, killed these ideas altogether and the concept of the covenant was completely forgotten.


Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan al- – Oxford Islamic Studies Online

H appointed his manumitted slave, Hazrat Zaid bin Harithah, to take his place at the head of the Muslim army and at the same time ordered that is case of his death he should be replaced by Hazrat Jafar bin Ali Talib, after him Hazrat Abdullah bin Rawahah and in case he is also killed, the mantle of command should fall on the shoulders of whomever the soldiers might choose. Al-Mawardi says that if there is only one suitable candidate for the Imamate, he automatically becomes the Imam, and no election is required.

Mawardi says sovereign is in need of a good and honest colleague. Emphasized the authority of the theoyr over that of the sultan in order to strengthen the caliph’s hand against popitical commanders who held the power behind the throne. About Al-mawardiAl-Mawardi. The fast developing ideals of Islamic democracy were blasted and superseded by the imperialistic systems of the Umayyads, the Abbasids, the Fatimids and mawarxi.

Through this Institution Allah almighty want to run the early politicap in a proper way. Al-Mawardi says various factor made this institution controversial. His most valuable contribution to political theory was that he based his account on historical practice and facts and liked other Jurists thoery the scholars; he did not indulge in empty speculation. When the Abbasids came to power they called themselves the sole defenders of faith, and crushed every political dissentient in the name of religion, and sent many innocent souls to the gallows to save Islam.

The aim of Islamic State is to create a society as conceived in the Quran and Sunnah.

Al-Ahkam at-Sultaniyah Ordinances of Government 2. This principle was enthusiastically contented by Khawarij who believed in complete democracy and universal franchise. When all hd come, a public assembly was held where the Caliph delivered one of the most important addresses of his life.


Others oppose this view and say that Abu Bakr was elected only by the citizens of Madinah. According to Al-Mawardi Imamat is the base on which the rules and regulations of the community depend.

Muslim Political ThoughtAl-Mawardi – CSS Forums

Contact our editors with your feedback. The department of provincial control is to supervise fuctions of the provincial governments.

These questions are responsible for the sects in Islam. He says that the Electoral College may nominate anyone of the two as Imam without assigning any reason. The maintenance of law and order in tgeory country, to make it possible for the people to lead a peaceful life, and proceed to their economic activities freely and travel in the land without fear.

The Imam is appointed in one of the two ways: He is of the view that there consensus on this point that the existing imam can nominate his successor.


He says if one or all of the above conditions are there and the Muslims are still silent, so, one should imagine that their faith has weakened to a large. Fifthly, politicl and temperate.

If Ibn-e-Rawwah also fell in the field then the Muslims could choose any one from among themselves mawagdi their Commander. This opinion of Al-Mawardi is based upon the election of Usman which was by a limited Shura appointed by Unar.