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Aprender A Hablar En Publico Hoy : J.A. Vallejo Nagera :
In our desire to show temporal “progress” in poetic development, an anxiety to seek equations between social progression haablar regression and to see literature as its prophet or mirror, at times we exalt certain stages of poetry because of their explicit commentary halar certain political or social movements. From all over Spanish America writers circulated ideas and formed a network of exchange by means of the many literary magazines founded during this period, in addition to those that combined political statement as well.
Wellek compares the German movement to its French counterpart and notes that romanticism in Germany was far more pervasive than in other countries, affecting all human endeavors: Appraisals of his work reflect the contradictory impulses that led to his disconcerting mixture of all the models available to him. These poems are strategic, outflanking readers by beating them in the distancing game through means of more and more elaborate schemes and of towering lookout points of internal commentary.
This leads him to be baroque, and it is well known that the baroque creates its own parody. As will be shown later, certain themes and poetic treatments as well as ideological stances recur with great regularity.
The Dissonant Legacy of Modernismo
Poetry’s function was not to mirror interiority but to present a transpersonal vision. That, ultimately, all things have uablar special physiognomy, a soul, a very powerful life; that it is necessary, in the system of the spirit, to place one’s ear to the vast breast of the earth to listen to the hundred thousand heartbeats of its hundred thousand hearts; and that to continue singing to the sea, to the mountain, to the sky in that way, in a rough manner, without contemplating their tenuous and infinite marvelous structures, their extremely varied modes of being, their innumerable shades and the miraculous intertwining of their secret affinities, is to offend the sky, the sea and the mountain.
The deformation is determined by a stylistic drive, aprehder inaugurates a new order as it denies the ancient order. The most striking characteristic of modernity in Spanish America is its awareness of its falseness.
Much of what seems tedious in modernista poetry for the modern reader is its overloading of rarefied objects, its jewel-studded interior spaces, the amethyst shafts of light that make vision difficult.
Juan Antonio Vallejo-Nágera
Lugones too points out the superior, sacred nature of language and its powers of symbolic expression. The spirit of the decadents—largely transmitted by the writings of J. Our recently formed societies don’t take care of the spirit; Art cannot have life where Religion is losing ground, and where Profit and Politics swell up their enormous bellies more every day.
They labeled him as a master of style but a poet lacking in inspiration. In the move from one language to another, from one culture to another, and from an immediate literary text to another, many associations clustered around a particular image or ideogram are lost or rearranged, and new ones emerge.
As one looks closer, this same insistence on dismantling the erotic image is reflected in the framing picture of these prized icons. Whether based on symbolist precepts of synesthetic correspondence or on a desire for experimental surprise and innovation, formal dexterity constitutes an indispensable characteristic of modernismo. Borges stresses the Quevedian rather than Gongoran pattern of Lugones’ poetry in order to highlight Lugones’ abilities as craftsman, as a poet dedicated to the possibilities of the word as genera.
The modernistas’ cult of the exotic and of the self is in part a reaction to what they saw as pulico poverty. This visual undertaking was joined to a stubborn desire for isolation, a prejudice against becoming personal. The elements of rarefaction, the flaunting of excess and riches, as well as a heavily loaded surface of verbal texture were in great part a reaction to what they saw as the poverty of their circumstantial reality.
At the same time that modernismo as a poetic movement is flowering, poets and intellectuals are calling for an upheaval of old traditions. It was like an opening of new territory, one which took its standards not from the museums of Europe, but from the everyday scenery.
Yet modernismo is, quite distinctly, a movement, a self-identified and coherent esthetic program, despite its internal variations. The writings to be examined present his appraisals of different texts no matter what their nature. The use of these terms, along with other concepts, will provide a basis for examining the poetic language of modernismo in its transmission and transformations. The exotic underworlds of the spirit, usually tinged with satanism, threatening eroticism, and the macabre, presented an alternative to the didactic or sentimental type of poetry offered by the modernistas’ Spanish and Spanish American predecessors.
In Hugo, then, all the romantic convictions and themes are summarized: The standards that inform his work are common to his epoch, although few embraced certain of these principles so wholeheartedly. While modern taste prefers clean, spare lines, white walls, and open spaces, the modernistas work from a different set of culturally determined preferences. In its first moment, the Spanish American vanguard depended on the French, just as before the first modernistas had followed the Parnassians najeta the Vaplejo.
It was to be an end in itself. Instead of a break, this change in poetic process is to involve a new focus. In faithful adherence to his models, he overloads his productions, always walking a tightrope arpender the truly striking and the jangling contortions of sound and imagery systems.
As Pierre Bourdieu suggests, vallejjo the way we design our living spaces vqllejo and determines our ways of ordering the metaphors by which we live. Their rebellion united them in a common purpose, with an emphasis on virtuosity and individual expression. Technical rhyme, restraint in his use of secrecy, insistent search for good language, adscription to the national theme, amatory lyricism of a sacramental order, eclectic influences and desires: Poetry is linked to problems of life and death: Although countless studies have pointed out the many styles, sources, and individual patterns of modernista poets, the survival of a facile critical grouping is difficult to overcome.
Borges has explained his debts to Lugones, his admiration for him, and even his dislike for him in diverse writings. Because external structures are dissolving for example, the shifting joy changing social-class alignments, a new role for the artistwriter, new economic structures due to industrializationthe structures of poetry formal poetic meter, rhyme also show rearrangement.
From this concept arises the belief in the natural aristocracy of the artist. Poetry did not have to fit into any formal patterns. In discussing the poets of modernismo Amado Nervo emphasizes pbulico special nature of the poet and the role of introspection in learning to see the interrelationship punlico outward things:.
The poet deals with worldly materials but seeks to transcend them.
These signs operate not only within his particular aesthetic system but relate as well to the conventions of a total cultural system. It has been said to us, on the one hand, that we will not find in Argentina the necessary amount of contributions to fill monthly the pages of a great journal, lacking among ourselves the necessary.
Aprender A Hablar En Publico Hoy
Romantic writings on the controlling principles of poetic creation and interest in aprendef symbolic power of mythology showed a tendency to create an allegory of the spirit by means of natural and mythological symbols. While poets such as Lugones do not explicitly theorize on the Spanish American subject in their poetry although Lugones does so abundantly in prosethe dislocations and questionings of the materials offered by the epoch combine to dissolve the very foundations of the assumptions of dependence in Spanish American nauera poetry.
It shares various functions in a given epoch and cul. Vallejk is in Music, perhaps, that the soul most nearly attains the great end for which, when inspired by the Poetic Sentiment, it struggles—the. Objects and scenes described are chosen from a special range of scenes that are weighted with codes of meaning.