Full colour printed textbook of Automated Ultrasonic Testing for Pipeline Girth Welds for NDT cover. : 3This. The use of ultrasonics to test pipeline girth welds during pipeline today, the use of automated ultrasonic testing (AUT) of girth welds is becoming increasingly. This page book provides an overview of the principles of automated ultrasonic testing (AUT) of girth welds, and explains the many parameters that influence.

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This is illustrated in the table below. Defects associated with copper in the weld.

Cracking, transverse to the direction of welding, was also simulated. An accuracy of better than 1 mm has been cited but it is unlikely to be as good for real defects.

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Utilizing the wall thickness variation tool for welds in seamless pipes ensures that welds are inspected with a high degree of precision. No returns will be accepted after 45 days from date of invoice. Store Online Store Home. This allows the impact of different inspection criteria to be selds. It was not visible at all on the radiographs. The nine welds amounted to 35 metres of weldment.

This degree of rigor was warranted since the RT results were to be used as the baseline to evaluate the reliability of the AUT results. Schematic of pulse-echo reflection beam paths. Sorry, this page is not available in your country Let us know what you’re looking for by filling out the form below.

The Performance of Automated Ultrasonic Testing (AUT) of Mechanised Pipeline Girth Welds

Some variation between inspection companies was apparent, indicating a lack of consistency. An on-the-job test of operator competence has been proposed for Transco operations, much as is done for welders. Customs, duties, and taxes vary widely from country to country; please check with your local customs agency for details on estimated costs. A wide range of defect types and condition was specified for specialised welding contractors to insert into the welds during their fabrication.


Materials returned to ASNT must be shipped prepaid. Journal home Journal issue About the journal. Automated ultrasonic testing AUT with phased array zone discrimination is a common method used to inspect pipeline girth welds.

Additionally, two slots were ground externally, one through the weld cap of each type of weld and two more were ground internally, through the weld root of each type.

Most importantly, using the PipeWIZARD system requires only a single calibration block and limits the number of scans required to inspect a weld, saving time and money. Areas of porosity were required, as this was believed to be a feature that could be a problem for AUT detection.

If item is damaged contact ASNT immediately and keep shipping container. A ultrssonic, Figure 5shows this form of cracking to be much like liquation cracking and is distributed throughout the weld so that its misclassification as automatsd is understandable. Nearly 90 defects were used; eight inspections from seven companies thus gave a reasonable statistical set of data.

Usually the AUT systems are mounted on a band strapped around the pipe. Since this technique requires a separate scan of the weld for each setup, it adds significant time and cost because the number of calibration blocks, scans, and data files to analyze are multiplied by a factor of three.

Wels the weld inspection, the system simultaneously acquires data with the three setups. Inspecting those pipes with zone discrimination becomes a challenge because the variable geometry can cause the automatedd beam to completely miss its target.

The two pipe spools were located with good access and good facilities in terms of comfort — a dry working environment with light, power and water. Journal of the Japanese Welding Society. Each of the contractors set up their equipment with transverse slots in the calibration coupons but these are made of plane pipe with no weld cap or root bead.

Automated Ultrasonic inspection of Girth Welds in Seamless Pipes with the Olympus PipeWIZARD

It is also important that users get the best economic benefit from the new technology and this means using the capability of ultrasonics to define the size of any defects that are found. Since the AUT systems are set up with the focussed beams of sound directed at different regions of the fusion faces of the weld as described previouslyit follows that the precise weld preparation profile must be specified to each prospective inspection contractor for the systems to be set up appropriately.

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AUT enables the accurate sizing of indications, with demonstrated height sizing precision of about 1 mm.

This is confirmed by these results. Level II Study Guides: There is some degree of radiation hazard to the public and operators in using x-rays and Transco have considered whether this can be reduced or removed.

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Automated Ultrasonic inspection of Girth Welds in Seamless Pipes with the Olympus PipeWIZARD

Since then further probes have been added to inspect the volume of the weld, another pair to give diffracted data and two more pairs for transverse defect detection. The novelty and complexity of the AUT data places a renewed demand on the skills of company representatives in terms of overseeing the application of AUT in the field.

The distribution of length and types of defect included in the tests. This information was provided along with the calibration coupons to each company.

If any company had attempted to achieve good detection by over-reporting this would give spurious indications that would be evident. If an engineering critical assessment Wedls specification were to be used, however, the repair rate was shown to drop substantially, with the potential for significant cost savings.

Neither is it yet a viable method of sizing defects in field operations where rapid processing is required.