Blastocerus dichotomus is the largest South American deer, recognizable in part by its large multitined antlers of eight to ten points when mature. Head-body. PDF | On Jan 1, , Liliani Tiepolo and others published Neotropical Cervidology: Blastocerus dichotomus. PDF | On Jan 1, , Duarte JMB and others published Blastocerus dichotomus, Marsh Deer.
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Mammalian Species This species is featured in: Marsh deer resemble the North American mule deer or blacktail deer. There are also white marks on the hips and around the eyes.
The hoofwhich is large in relation to the body, has elastic interdigital membranes which are useful for swimming and walking on marshy surfaces. These deer also have a small migratory pattern, they follow the water levels between the dry season and flooding season. The former major threat was poaching for its antlers, but this is somewhat under control. Large family listed below. A species of mammals belonging to the deer, muntjac, roe deer, reindeer, and moose family of ruminants.
Males do not shed their antlers at any particular time of the year, and may retain them almost two years. They possess very large ears lined with white hairs, red-gold to tawny brown fur, blackish eyes and long dark legs. Blog Friday 05 October Wildscreen With: They are solitary animals or living in groups with less than 6 individuals with only an adult male. Marsh deer habitat Marsh deer are found in marshy habitats such as floodplains, grasslands and moist forests 4preferring areas with a good amount of cover for protection, such as reed beds or where grass stands are high 2.
University of Oklahoma Press. Family Bovidae subfamily Antilopinae.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Current numbers of deer are so low that negative impacts are very unlikely. X Close Link to this photo Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below.
The World Conservation Union IUCN suggest future initiatives should include a review of the population status, the creation of new protected areas in suitable habitat and strengthening the management of existing protected areas, including measures to control hunting and exclude livestock 7. Since marsh deer live near aquatic habitats, they eat a majority of their diet in aquatic plants. Black skimmer Rynchops niger. Although there are protected areas within the range of the marsh deer, they are poorly managed.
Southern red muntjac Muntiacus muntjak.
While formerly known in Uruguay as well, it is probably now extinct there. Blastocerus dichotomus has been apparently extirpated in Uruguay Mares et al.
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
The major distributional area is defined by the Paraguay and Parana river basins.
Marsh deer remain hidden during the day and emerge at dusk and graze until blastocedus morning on a number of grasses and plants that are soft, protein rich and highly digestible 4 5. The marsh deer dichotomuss disappeared from much of its former range as a result of hunting and the expansion of agriculture in central South America.
They are swift swimmers. A grassland with scattered trees or scattered clumps of trees, a type of community intermediate between grassland and forest. Marsh deer have long, broad hooves that are particularly adapted to the marshy environment, as they are joined by a special membrane and can spread out, giving the hooves a greater surface area, to prevent the deer from sinking into swampy ground 2 4. Grey teal Anas gracilis. Blastocerus dichotomus marsh deer Facebook. Marsh deer have suffered from uncontrolled hunting and habitat destruction, resulting in small, greatly-fragmented populations.
Some populations have been reported to be diurnal or nocturnal, depending on season and hunting pressure. They also utilize flooded savannas during the wet season, but stay close to dense stands of reeds or similar vegetation near permanent water during the dry season.
MARSH DEER Blastocerus dichotomus FAUNA PARAGUAY
Please donate to Arkive Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Rodents of Unusual Size. The marshes with their high vegetation density protect them from predators and provide them with food.
The infant deer are whitish which becomes more adult-like after a year.