In addition to his writings there are several excellent talks by Dennett on YouTube. If I remember correctly, the talk at the Moscow State College. The intentional stance is a term coined by philosopher Daniel Dennett for the level of Dennett, D., () “True Believers” in Dennett, D. The Intentional Stance, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., ; Daniel C. Dennett (), The. What Dennett defines as the intentional strategy is the treatment of the object whose behavior you want to predict as a rational agent with.

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Robbins and Jack point to a study [40] in which participants viewed animated geometric shapes in different “vignettes,” some of which could be interpreted as constituting social interaction, while others suggested mechanical behavior. In a follow-up paper, Robbins and Jack describe four experiments about how the intentional and phenomenal stances relate to feelings of moral concern.

Dennett defines three levels of abstraction, attained by adopting one of three entirely different “stances”, or intellectual strategies: Enter supporting content here. So we have to keep in mind that in English intending is just one form of intentionality among many. Many recent approaches to comprehension emphasize the role of goal planning knowledge when understanding narratives and conversations, and when remembering observed sequences and goal directed actions.

Physical Level, or Device Level. The observer is not trying to objectively determine the agent’s actual state of mind. Jack; Belieevrs Robbins Sep His only need is to be able to represent the agent’s behaviour to himself in such a way that he can respond to the agent’s behaviour.


Massachusetts Institute of Technology. What makes chess an interesting game, one can see, is the un predictability of one’s opponent’s moves, except in those cases where moves are “forced” – where there is clearly one best move – typically the least of the available evils The more general term semantic level is used in contexts where such distinctions are important.

Retrieved from ” https: Here is how it works: Bryce Huebner performed two experimental philosophy studies to test students’ ascriptions of various mental states to humans compared with cyborgs and robots.

Intentional stance

This common information is called the content of the representation. Towards a Theory of Reflexive Intentional Systems. It represents a certain concept or idea, namely the concept of a furry house-hold pet that purrs. Mark Alfano – – Journal of Nietzsche Studies 40 1: If there was anyone in the world who has been possessed by too many ideas, if has been Daniel Dennett.

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Other significant cognitive scientists who also advocated a three level system were Allen NewellZenon Pylyshynand David Marr. Sign in to use this feature. They are operating from what I call the design stance” Dankel,p. Indeed this is what we often do when someone saniel behaving unpredictably — we look for the reasons why.

This cannot be merely the report by the subject, they might lie or be in error about their own beliefs. Representation and Algorithm Level.

Intentional stance – Wikipedia

What it is to be a true believer is to be an intentional systema system whose behavior is reliably and voluminously predictable via the intentional strategy. Each different way the information can be expressed is called a representational code.

Belief Revision in Epistemology categorize this paper. Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered. Initially, Dennett’s interpretation was seen as leaning more towards instrumentalism[19] but over the years, as this idea has been used to support more extensive theories of consciousnessit has been taken as being more like Realism. Consequently, these attributions rarely describe any actual belief or desire an agent might maintain at any time; and the objective truth of the observer’s subjective assumptions about the agent’s “inner life” is entirely irrelevant — always provided, of course, that his response to the agent’s behaviour has been appropriate.


It was instantly clear to me that the knowledge level and the intentional stance are fundamentally the same, and I indicated as much in the talk.

Operationalism Philosophical realism Philosophy of mind Stance linguistics Theory of mind. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

The Blockhead argument proposes that someone, Jones, has a twin tfue is in fact not a person but a very sophisticated robot which looks and acts like Jones in every way, but who it is claimed somehow does not have any thoughts or feelings at all, just a chip which controls his behaviour; in other words, “the lights are on but no one’s home”.

Rosch argues that, implicit within any system of categorization, are the assumptions dennet. Carrie Figdor – – Synthese Deborah Tollefsen – – Journal of Social Philosophy 33 3: Autism seems to be a deficit in the intentional stance with preservation of the physical stance, while Williams syndrome can involve deficits in the physical stance with preservation of the intentional stance. I cannot sudden-ly decide to believe that today is Monday, that I am now in Italy, or that Aquinas lived in the eighteenth century.

We could translate cat into Spanish and represent it by gato.