Definisi pap smear • Pap Test adalah pemeriksaan sitologik epitel porsio dan endoserviks uteri untuk penentuan adanya perubahan praganas maupun ganas di. Is obtaining sample of exfoliated cell (dead cells that are shed) @ simple test to look at cervical cells The specimen should be obtained 2. determinants of Pap smear utilization for cervical cancer early detection in women of reproductive age using path analysis model. Subjects and Method: This.

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The third thing is not to smoke. Mungsi arab Artemisia vulgaris L.

Views Read Edit View history. In a lying supine conditionan instrument called a speculum will be inserted pal a hole intercourse. Pemakaian Dietilstilbestrol DES 7. It is usually diagnosed following a Pap smear.

Cervical canal

Cervical ectropion can be associated with excessive but non- purulent vaginal discharge due to the increased surface area of columnar epithelium containing mucus-secreting glands. Colposcope is a binocular microscope sort of tool that uses a powerful light with high magnification Anonim, b. HPV vaccines Cervarix Gardasil. Usually no treatment is indicated for clinically asymptomatic cervical ectropions.


Treatment will depend on the results of colposcopy Yohanes, Endometrium epithelium Myometrium Perimetrium Parametrium. This cancer usually occurs in women who have aged, but the statistical evidence shows that cervical cancer can also attack women aged between 20 to 30 years Anonim, smeaar This test was first discovered by Dr.

But, E2 is not expressed defibisi the DNA viral integrates existing host cell genomebecause E2 genes undergo splitting and become inactive. Encyclopedia of Anticancer Plant. The majority of cervical cancer cells have p53 and pRb genes in the form of wild-type. G-spot Urethral sponge Perineal sponge. Endocervical adenocarcinoma, like cervical cancer squamous cell carcinomaoften arises in the milieu of human papilloma virus infection.


By doing some actions that can minimize these risks, the incidence of cervical cancer defijisi avoidable Zhao, E6 and E7 proteins of HPV modulate cellular proteins that regulate the cell cycle. If there is an infection or inflammation. Sehari sebelum detinisi ujian Pap Smear, pastikan anda tidak melakukan hubungan seks dan menggunakan sebarang ubat di dalam faraj.

Cervical canal – Wikipedia

Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 20th edition of Gray’s Anatomy Mammal female reproductive system. Pengesanan dan rawatan awal dapat menyembuhkan penyakit ini sepenuhnya. Ceremai Phyllanthus acidus L. The three types of HPV can cause abnormal cell growth, but only type 2 and 3 are causing cancer Anonim, ; Yamato et al.

Pap smear test is always required even though no longer a sexual activity Anonim, b. George Papanicolouso-called Pap smear test. Pap smear test is a test that is safefast and inexpensive and has been used for years to detect abnormalities that occur in the cells of the cervix.

The anterior is shorter and thicker, though it projects lower than the posterior because defnisi the slope of the cervix. This type of therapy can affect normal cells La Russo, Pap Smear dapat mengesan peringkat awal sebelum kanser itu terjadi.

Binds to a cellular protein called E6-associated protein E6-AP form a ubiquitin E3 ligase targets the tumor suppressor p53 degradation Gewin et al.

Mucopurulent cervicitis may increase the size of the cervical ectropion. According to sources obtained, women who have cancer is intensified by definiwi habit to smoke Anonim, Statistical data reported that the risk of cervical cancer would be higher if women smoke.


Pap smear test is a method of examination of cells taken from the cervix and then examined under a microscope to see the changes that occur from the cells. Papillomavirus genomes replicate as extrachromosomal plasmids in lesions premalignan and also integrated in most cervical carcinomas randomly. G-spot Urethral sponge Perineal sponge. Cervical ectropion or cervical eversion is a condition in which the cells from the ‘inside’ of the cervical canalknown as glandular cells or columnar epitheliumare present on the ‘outside’ of the vaginal portion of the cervix.

Based on research Sjamsuddinconcluded that there are 3 groups of HPV types in relation to cervical cancer, namely: Srikaya Annona squamosa L. This examination can be carried out by a gynecologist Anonim, The appearance of a healthy cervix and cervical cancer www. The cells of the cervix and then collected by wiping the cervix with an instrument called a spatulaa tool resembling a handle on ice creamand smears is applied to the object-glassand then sent to a pathology lab for a more thorough examination Dolinsky, As estrogen levels rise during puberty, the cervical os opens, exposing the endocervical columnar epithelium onto the ectocervix.

Pap smear test procedures may be very unpleasantbut will not cause pain. Retrieved from ” https: This tissue is sent for pathology testing to assign a histologic classification that is more definitive than a Pap smear result which is a cytologic finding.

E6 and E7 expression is inhibited by E2. For people who have not menstruating, a Pap smear test can be done anytime. How to colposcopy examination is as follows: