Georgius Gemistos (also Plethon or Pletho; in Greek: Γεώργιος Πλήθων Γεμιστός) (c. – ), a Greek Neoplatonist philosopher, was one. ABSTRACT: In this paper I examine George Gemistos Plethon’s defense in his De Differentiis of Plato’s conception of God as superior to that of Aristotle’s. Born in Constantinople about , died in the Peloponnesus, Out of veneration for Plato he changed his name from Gemistos to Plethon. Although he .

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This work has never been translated into English, but Woodhouse provides a useful descriptive summary in his Plethon Conclusion Plethon’s arguments in De Differentiis against Aristotle’s conception of God appear to be consistent with an Orthodox Christian conception of the divinity.

George Gemistos Plethon: the last of the Hellenes

Much of his writing exhibited a passionate regard for Greece. This claim, as we shall see, is consistent with Plethon’s position in the Summary. I heard, too, from a number of Greeks who escaped here from the Peloponnese that he openly said before he died These then, twelve altogether, are the gemistis doctrines concerning the gods, this universe, and our nature.

Plethon believed the universe has no beginning or end in time, and being created perfect, nothing gemjstos be added to it. For most of the Mediaeval Period, only the Timaeus in the partial translation of Calcidius was available.

In Mistra he taught and wrote philosophy, astronomy, history and geography, and compiled digests of many classical writers. Sed inventa sunt in Parisiensis bibliothecae codd. This work was the first shot to be fired in an academic battle that continued in Byzantium with George Scholarios’s Defence of Aristotle 6 and Plethon’s subsequent Reply. Ross’s interpretation certainly coheres grmistos Aristotle’s claim that God initiates movement as a final and not an efficient cause.


George Gemistos Plethon: the last of the Hellenes

You may find it pltehon to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Notes 1 I would like to thank Richard Beck for his insights concerning my translation of Plethon’s Summary. Philosophy and religion Biography Credited. Heterodoxy in Defense of Orthodoxy 1. Plethon also composed orations and essays on Zoroasterastronomy, musichistory, rhetoricand various theological subjects.

The soul of man, like the gods is immortal and essentially good, and is reincarnated in successive mortal bodies for eternity at the direction of the gods. The work contained that gemisros shocked many and confirmed the suspicions of more than a few. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login.

Gemistus Pletho

Ficino’s claim has been controversial. Gennadius burnt it inhowever in a letter to the Exarch Joseph which still survives he details the book, providing chapter headings and brief summaries of the contents. Man, as relative of the gods, plthon strive towards good. Throughout its history it has acted as both a barrier and a bridge between the two continents. After he read it, he sent it back to Theodora with the advice to destroy it. This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3.

Woodhouse divides De Differentiis into fifty-six numbered paragraphs.


Robert Appleton Company, Help us improve this article! Thus, Aristotle insists on an eternal ungenerated universe, whereas, Plethon thinks, Plato believes that the gemists was generated but also eternal.

Theodora, reluctant to destroy the only copy of a work by such a distinguished scholar, turned it over plfthon Gennadios. According to Marsilio Ficino, in his introduction to the translation of Plotinus [16]Cosimo de’ Medici attended these lectures and was inspired to found the Accademia Platonica in Florence, where Italian students of Plethon continued to teach after the conclusion of the council.

Scholarios approved of Oises’s handling of the case. Most of Plethon’s works can be found in J. Land was to be publicly owned, and a third of all produce given to the state pplethon incentives would be given for cultivating virgin land.

Gemistos Plethon – New World Encyclopedia

In the letter, he lists all the chapter headings of the Book of Laws and gives a short description of the contents. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context.

Mutilation as a punishment would be abolished, pkethon chain gangs introduced. The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: He burnt the work in Modern scholars have cited Epistles ii, e and Timaeus 27cd as sources for Plethon’s claim.