Kerala Mahatmyam, a great treatise on the History of Kerala, which is in Sanskrit containing more than stanzas and hundred chapter states that Vishnu. The Keralolpathi is a Malayalam work that deals with the origin of the land of Kerala. Shungunny Menon ascribes the authorship of this work to Thunchaththu. “Keralotpathi and Kerala-mahatmyam” says C.A. Innes, “are late compilations of unknown origin and so full of inconsistencies, anachronisms and absurdities.
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Nair women could, if they wished, entertain more than one husband and, in the event of difficulties, were free to divorce without any social stigma. The other theory relates to the ancient martial tradition of the Nairs. The marriage system itself was something that never ceased to fascinate visitors to Kerala.
Therefore, according to Shungunny Menon a native historian of TravancoreKerala one cannot place, in the Keralolpathi, the value of a historical source. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Yet a ruthless ancestor and generations of shrewd management ensured its endurance, as well as its political and cultural currency. But as the scholar K. Likewise even the origins of most of the castes and clans of Kerala varies from the ancient Sanskrit Kerala Mahatmayam.
Shungunny Menon, stated that:. keralaa
Commons category link is on Wikidata Commons category link is on Wikidata using Mqhatmyam However the corresponding date mentioned is such that the prophet was not even born till more than a century later.
Besides, by the 18th century modified versions of the work started appearing, varying from kingdom to kingdom and region to region in Kerala.
Widowhood was no catastrophic disaster and they were effectively at par with men when it came to sexual rights, with complete autonomy over their bodies.
While the military tradition of the Nairs, famous for its suicide bands called chavers, was well known, this theory is also more circumstantial than absolute.
Instead he would visit a lady in her natal home every now and then, solely for sexual purposes, and the offspring would be her responsibility entirely.
Manu Pillai Manu Pillai is a writer and researcher. William Loganwho was the author of the Malabar Manual also refutes the validity of the Keralolpathi and describes it as:. Travancore, a dominion loyal to the British Raj, was relatively newer than the ancient houses that once warred over this slice of south-western India, set between the Arabian Sea and the tail-end of the Western Ghats.
While the “Kerala Mahatmayam” deals with the origin of Kerala and its people alone, the Keralolpathi gives a history of Kerala down to the modern age, mahatmyma reference to the British in Kerala. Sign in with Google. For them death by any other means than at the end of a sword on the battlefield was a mortifying ignominy and in their constant zeal for military ksrala and glorious bloodshed, they had no time to husband women or economic resources.
There are, however, two views on this that have been passed mahxtmyam within the region. The Nairs, the principal matrilineal caste, were the descendants of these nymphs and their Brahmin overlords, tracing their lineages in the maternal mahatmyyam.
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As Kerala was ushered into the modern krala, closer to democracy and republicanism, the women of Travancore came to occupy a central role in its fortunes. Sexual freedom was also remarkable so that while polygamy was happily recognised in other parts of India, in Kerala women were allowed polyandry. Views Read Edit View history. The Keralolpathi covers the ancestry of the Namboodiri Brahmins and other castes of Kerala and is sometimes called the “Kerala Ulpathy”. Matriliny was, as per this theory, consequent upon the men purely mahaymyam instruments mahtmyam war rather than householders.
However the said king reigned between and AD. Some anthropologists regard Kerala’s system of matrilineal kinship as the continuation of a practice that at one time existed all over the world, while others contend that it was conceived due to some mysterious, compelling circumstances that replaced patriarchy at a historical point.
Keralolpathi – Wikipedia
Shungunny Menon ascribes the authorship of this work to Thunchaththu Ramanujan Ezhuthachana 17th-century scholar of the Malabar region of India.
Boys were sent off to train in military gymnasiums from the age of eight, and their sole occupation thereafter was to master the art of warfare. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Historians doubt the reliability of this collection of legends as it contains many discrepancies.
One is mythological and based on a Malayalam treatise called Keralolpathi, as well as and a Sanskrit work called the Kerala Mahatmyam.
keralw Wikisource has original text related to this article: Retrieved from ” https: This page was last edited on 8 Decemberat Hindu texts Asian chronicles. Among Nambutiri Brahmins only the eldest son was permitted to take a Brahmin wife and all other men had to seek sambandhams from the high-caste matrilineal communities.
These refer to the creation of Kerala by the legendary hero Parasurama, who is supposed to have hurled his battle-axe from Gokarna to Cape Comorin and claimed from the sea all the land in between. Sreedhara Menon, page He is then said to have awarded this new region conveniently to Mahatmya, after which he summoned equally conveniently deva divinegandharva celestial minstreland rakshasa demon women for the pleasure of these men. So the onus of family and succession was taken care of by women, who formed large establishments mahatmgam managed their affairs independently in the absence of men.